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Blood. 2001 Aug 1;98(3):743-53.

Modulation of T-cell activation by the glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper factor via inhibition of nuclear factor kappaB.

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Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Section of Pharmacology, University of Perugia, Via del Giochetto, 06100 Perugia, Italy.


Previously a novel gene was identified that encodes a glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) whose expression is up-regulated by dexamethasone. This study analyzed the role of GILZ in the control of T-cell activation and its possible interaction with nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). Results indicate that GILZ inhibits both T-cell receptor (TCR)-induced interleukin-2/interleukin-2 receptor expression and NF-kappaB activity. In particular, GILZ inhibits NF-kappaB nuclear translocation and DNA binding due to a direct protein-to-protein interaction of GILZ with the NF-kappaB subunits. Moreover, GILZ-mediated modulation of TCR-induced responses is part of a circuit because TCR triggering down-regulates GILZ expression. These results identify a new molecular mechanism involved in the dexamethasone-induced regulation of NF-kappaB activity and T-cell activation. (Blood. 2001;98:743-753)

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