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Blood. 2001 Aug 1;98(3):565-72.

Rhenium 188-labeled anti-CD66 (a, b, c, e) monoclonal antibody to intensify the conditioning regimen prior to stem cell transplantation for patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome: results of a phase I-II study.

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Department of Haematology/Oncology, Ulm University Hospital, Robert-Koch-Strasse 8, 89091 Ulm, Germany.


The conditioning regimen prior to stem cell transplantation in 36 patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) was intensified by treating patients with a rhenium 188-labeled anti-CD66 monoclonal antibody. Dosimetry was performed prior to therapy, and a favorable dosimetry was observed in all cases. Radioimmunotherapy with the labeled antibody provided a mean of 15.3 Gy of additional radiation to the marrow; the kidney was the normal organ receiving the highest dose of supplemental radiation (mean 7.4 Gy). Radioimmunotherapy was followed by standard full-dose conditioning with total body irradiation (12 Gy) or busulfan and high-dose cyclophosphamide with or without thiotepa. Patients subsequently received a T-cell-depleted allogeneic graft from a HLA-identical family donor (n = 15) or an alternative donor (n = 17). In 4 patients without an allogeneic donor, an unmanipulated autologous graft was used. Infusion-related toxicity due to the labeled antibody was minimal, and no increase in treatment-related mortality due to the radioimmunoconjugate was observed. Day +30 and day +100 mortalities were 3% and 6%, respectively, and after a median follow-up of 18 months treatment-related mortality was 22%. Late renal toxicity was observed in 17% of patients. The relapse rate of 15 patients undergoing transplantation in first CR (complete remission) or second CR was 20%; 21 patients not in remission at the time of transplantation had a 30% relapse rate. (Blood. 2001;98:565-572).

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