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Diabetes Technol Ther. 2000 Autumn;2(3):415-28.

Defective function of the proteasome in autoimmunity: involvement of impaired NF-kappaB activation.

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Immunobiology Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Charlestown 02129, USA.


Type 1 diabetes (also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile-onset diabetes) is usually caused by T cell-mediated autoimmunity, with a prediabetic state characterized by the production of autoantibodies specific for proteins expressed by pancreatic beta cells. The nonobese patient with diabetes (NOD) mouse is a spontaneous model of type 1 diabetes with a strong genetic component that maps to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region of the genome. A specific proteasome defect has been identified in NOD mouse in select lymphocytic and monocytic lineages that results from down-regulation of expression of the proteasome subunit LMP2, which is encoded by a gene in the MHC genomic region. This defect prevents the proteolytic processing required for the production and activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which plays important roles in immune and inflammatory responses, as well as increases the susceptibility of the affected cells to apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The novel role of the proteasome in dysfunction in autoimmunity is presented and documented to be both tissue and developmental stage specific. We propose a role of the proteasome as a step in disease pathogenesis and tissue targeting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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