Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 Jul;72(1):149-55.

Inducible nitric oxide production is an adaptation to cardiopulmonary bypass-induced inflammatory response.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Course of Interventional Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita City, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) increases nitric oxide (NO) production by the activation of NO synthases (NOS). However, the role of NO from inducible NOS (iNOS) in CPB-induced inflammatory response remains unclear. We examined the effect of a selective iNOS inhibitor, aminoguanidine, on CPB-induced inflammatory response in a rat-CPB model.

METHODS:

Adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 60 minutes of CPB (100 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1), 34 degrees C). Group A (n = 10) received 100 mg/kg of aminoguanidine intraperitoneally 30 minutes before the initiation of CPB, and group B (n = 10) served as controls.

RESULTS:

There were significant time-dependent changes in plasma interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, nitrate + nitrite, the percentage ratio of nitrotyrosine to tyrosine (%NO2-Tyr, an indicator of peroxynitrite formation), and respiratory index (RI). Three hours after CPB termination, IL-6, IL-8, and RI were significantly higher in group A (IL-6, 397.5+/-80.6 pg/mL; IL-8, 26.99+/-6.57 ng/mL; RI, 1.87+/-0.31) than in group B (IL-6, 316.5+/-73.9 pg/mL, p <0.05; IL-8, 17.21+/-3.12 ng/mL, p < 0.01; RI, 1.57+/-0.24, p < 0.05) although nitrate + nitrite (31.8+/-4.1 micromol/L) and %NO2-Tyr (1.15%+/-0.20%) were significantly lower in group A than in group B (nitrate + nitrite, 50.2+/-5.0 micromol/L, p < 0.01; %NO2-Tyr, 1.46%+/-0.21%, p < 0.01). Western immunoblot analysis from lung tissue of group A identified marked iNOS inhibition without inhibiting endothelial-constitutive NOS, and neutrophil accumulation in the lung specimens was significantly greater in group A (6.5+/-0.7/alveoli) than in group B (4.4+/-0.4/alveoli, p < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that NO production from iNOS may be an adaptive response for attenuating the CPB-induced inflammatory response.

PMID:
11465170
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center