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Ann Thorac Surg. 2001 Jul;72(1):149-55.

Inducible nitric oxide production is an adaptation to cardiopulmonary bypass-induced inflammatory response.

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Department of Surgery, Course of Interventional Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita City, Japan.



Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) increases nitric oxide (NO) production by the activation of NO synthases (NOS). However, the role of NO from inducible NOS (iNOS) in CPB-induced inflammatory response remains unclear. We examined the effect of a selective iNOS inhibitor, aminoguanidine, on CPB-induced inflammatory response in a rat-CPB model.


Adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 60 minutes of CPB (100 mL x kg(-1) x min(-1), 34 degrees C). Group A (n = 10) received 100 mg/kg of aminoguanidine intraperitoneally 30 minutes before the initiation of CPB, and group B (n = 10) served as controls.


There were significant time-dependent changes in plasma interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, nitrate + nitrite, the percentage ratio of nitrotyrosine to tyrosine (%NO2-Tyr, an indicator of peroxynitrite formation), and respiratory index (RI). Three hours after CPB termination, IL-6, IL-8, and RI were significantly higher in group A (IL-6, 397.5+/-80.6 pg/mL; IL-8, 26.99+/-6.57 ng/mL; RI, 1.87+/-0.31) than in group B (IL-6, 316.5+/-73.9 pg/mL, p <0.05; IL-8, 17.21+/-3.12 ng/mL, p < 0.01; RI, 1.57+/-0.24, p < 0.05) although nitrate + nitrite (31.8+/-4.1 micromol/L) and %NO2-Tyr (1.15%+/-0.20%) were significantly lower in group A than in group B (nitrate + nitrite, 50.2+/-5.0 micromol/L, p < 0.01; %NO2-Tyr, 1.46%+/-0.21%, p < 0.01). Western immunoblot analysis from lung tissue of group A identified marked iNOS inhibition without inhibiting endothelial-constitutive NOS, and neutrophil accumulation in the lung specimens was significantly greater in group A (6.5+/-0.7/alveoli) than in group B (4.4+/-0.4/alveoli, p < 0.01).


These results suggest that NO production from iNOS may be an adaptive response for attenuating the CPB-induced inflammatory response.

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