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Public Health. 2001 Jul;115(4):261-4.

Coronary heart disease risk factors in urban bus drivers.

Author information

1
Taipei Municipal Chronic Disease Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) in 2297 bus drivers and skilled workers from the Taipei Municipal Bus Administrative Bureau. Data for this study were compiled from the medical records of annual physical examinations for bus drivers and skilled workers conducted at Taipei Municipal Chronic Disease Hospital during the period from July 1998 to June 1999. The results showed that, after adjustment for age, hypertension rates for bus drivers (56.0%, 986/1361) were significantly greater than for skilled workers (30.6%, 164/536). All age groups demonstrated a similar difference. Significant differences were also noted in body mass index, serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride and ischemic heart disease between bus drivers and skilled workers. Among bus drivers, the prevalence of obesity was 9.6%, hypercholesterolemia 34.0%, hypertriglyceridemia 69.4% and ischemic heart disease 1.7%. By contrast, among skilled workers, the prevalence of obesity was only 4.6%, hypercholesterolemia 29.9%, hypertriglyceridemia 30.6% and ischemic heart disease 0.9%. These findings suggest that exposure to the occupation of driving a bus may carry an increased risk of CHD and that drivers who develop signs of cardiovascular illness should be transferred to non-driving occupations within the company.

PMID:
11464297
DOI:
10.1038/sj/ph/1900778
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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