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Mol Cell Biol. 2001 Aug;21(16):5332-45.

Hic-5-reduced cell spreading on fibronectin: competitive effects between paxillin and Hic-5 through interaction with focal adhesion kinase.

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Department of Microbiology, Showa University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hatanodai, Tokyo, Japan.


Hic-5 is a paxillin homologue that is localized to focal adhesion complexes. Hic-5 and paxillin share structural homology and interacting factors such as focal adhesion kinase (FAK), Pyk2/CAKbeta/RAFTK, and PTP-PEST. Here, we showed that Hic-5 inhibits integrin-mediated cell spreading on fibronectin in a competitive manner with paxillin in NIH 3T3 cells. The overexpression of Hic-5 sequestered FAK from paxillin, reduced tyrosine phosphorylation of paxillin and FAK, and prevented paxillin-Crk complex formation. In addition, Hic-5-mediated inhibition of spreading was not observed in mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) derived from FAK(-/-) mice. The activity of c-Src following fibronectin stimulation was decreased by about 30% in Hic-5-expressing cells, and the effect of Hic-5 was restored by the overexpression of FAK and the constitutively active forms of Rho-family GTPases, Rac1 V12 and Cdc42 V12, but not RhoA V14. These observations suggested that Hic-5 inhibits cell spreading through competition with paxillin for FAK and subsequent prevention of downstream signal transduction. Moreover, expression of antisense Hic-5 increased spreading in primary MEFs. These results suggested that the counterbalance of paxillin and Hic-5 expression may be a novel mechanism regulating integrin-mediated signal transduction.

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