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Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2001 Jun;59(2-B):311-7.

The clinical profile of childhood optic neuritis.

Author information

1
Department of Neuro-Ophthalmology, Hospital São Geraldo, Federal University of Minas Gerais Medical School, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. lanapma@zaz.com.br

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report the clinical features and outcome of a series of children with optic neuritis.

METHODS:

We reviewed the medical records of patients up to 16 years old with optic neuritis. Group 1 comprised children seen up to two weeks after the onset of visual loss; Group 2 comprised patients already harboring optic atrophy.

RESULTS:

There were 15 boys and 12 girls. The mean age was 10.9 years. Bilateral optic neuritis occurred in 10. Optic disc pallor was found in 35%, edema in 46%, and 19% had normal fundus. During follow-up visual acuity improved in all but one eye in Group 1, and in six of seven eyes in children in Group 2. Just one child converted to multiple sclerosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows that the clinical features of childhood optic neuritis differ from those observed in adults. In children it has a better visual outcome and a lower conversion rate to multiple sclerosis than in adults.

PMID:
11460171
DOI:
10.1590/s0004-282x2001000300001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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