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J Gen Virol. 2001 Aug;82(Pt 8):1899-907.

Human antibodies isolated from plasma by affinity chromatography increase the coxsackievirus B4-induced synthesis of interferon-alpha by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in vitro.

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Laboratoire de Virologie, Centre Hospitalier Régional et Universitaire, Institut Gernez-Rieux, 59037 Lille Cedex, France.


Coxsackievirus B4 (CVB4) can be found in circulating blood of patients; however, the interaction of CVB4 with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is poorly understood. CVB4 induced low levels of IFN-alpha synthesis in PBMCs from healthy donors. In contrast, preincubation of infectious CVB4 with plasma from these donors containing anti-CVB4 antibodies strongly enhanced the synthesis of IFN-alpha. IgG obtained from plasma by chromatography formed immune complexes with CVB4 and increased significantly the CVB4-induced production of IFN-alpha by PBMCs. These antibodies did not have a neutralizing effect on CVB4 infection of Hep-2 cells. The role of CVB and adenovirus receptor (CAR), FcgammaRII and FcgammaRIII in the increased synthesis of IFN-alpha induced by CVB4 preincubated with IgG was shown by inhibition with specific antibodies. The major interferon-alpha-producing cells in response to CVB4-IgG complexes were CD14(+) cells and monocyte-enriched PBMCs. With the latter, detection of IFN-alpha by immunostaining was positive whereas in monocyte-depleted PBMCs it was not. This study shows that CVB4-induced synthesis of IFN-alpha by PBMCs can be enhanced by an antibody-dependent mechanism through interactions between the virus, non-neutralizing antivirus antibodies, FcgammaRII and III and CAR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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