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Plant Physiol. 2001 Jul;126(3):1205-13.

Mutational analysis of branching in pea. Evidence that Rms1 and Rms5 regulate the same novel signal.

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Department of Botany, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.


The fifth increased branching ramosus (rms) mutant, rms5, from pea (Pisum sativum), is described here for phenotype and grafting responses with four other rms mutants. Xylem sap zeatin riboside concentration and shoot auxin levels in rms5 plants have also been compared with rms1 and wild type (WT). Rms1 and Rms5 appear to act closely at the biochemical or cellular level to control branching, because branching was inhibited in reciprocal epicotyl grafts between rms5 or rms1 and WT plants, but not inhibited in reciprocal grafts between rms5 and rms1 seedlings. The weakly transgressive or slightly additive phenotype of the rms1 rms5 double mutant provides further evidence for this interaction. Like rms1, rms5 rootstocks have reduced xylem sap cytokinin concentrations, and rms5 shoots do not appear deficient in indole-3-acetic acid or 4-chloroindole-3-acetic acid. Rms1 and Rms5 are similar in their interaction with other Rms genes. Reciprocal grafting studies with rms1, rms2, and rms5, together with the fact that root xylem sap cytokinin concentrations are reduced in rms1 and rms5 and elevated in rms2 plants, indicates that Rms1 and Rms5 may control a different pathway than that controlled by Rms2. Our studies indicate that Rms1 and Rms5 may regulate a novel graft-transmissible signal involved in the control of branching.

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