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J Exp Bot. 2001 Jul;52(360):1455-63.

Genotype-dependent proteolytic response of spring wheat to water deficiency.

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Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Department, Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, Radzików, POB 1019, 00-950 Warszawa, Poland.


Changes in proteolytic activities in response to water deficiency have been investigated in ten genotypes of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) differing in response to water deficit stress and ability to acclimate. To determine subcellular localization and the type of proteases, mesophyll protoplasts isolated from wheat leaves were purified. Proteolytic activities were assayed using azocasein in the case of vacuolar proteinases at pH 5.0 and 125I-lysozyme in the case of extravacuolar ATP-dependent proteinases at pH 8.2. ATP-dependent proteolytic activity was found to be confined to the extravacuolar fraction while the azocaseinolytic activity to vacuoles. Dehydration increased vacuolar azocaseinolytic activity at both stages of plant development (shooting and heading), but the increase was significantly lower in more tolerant genotypes. The extravacuolar energy-dependent 125I-lysozyme degradation was low at the shooting stage but it was higher in the genotypes with a greater critical water saturation deficit. At the heading phase in the non-acclimated flag leaves ATP-dependent 125I-lysozyme degradation decreased in a genotype-dependent manner, but was enhanced upon acclimation to the same extent irrespective to the genotype ability to acquire dehydration tolerance during acclimation. The results presented indicate that both pathways of protein degradation are interlinked upon dehydration and are genotype dependent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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