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Cell Growth Differ. 2001 Jul;12(7):379-86.

Src family tyrosine kinases participate in insulin-like growth factor I mitogenic signaling in 3T3-L1 cells.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA.


Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulates proliferation and differentiation of many cell types, including preadipocytes. We have previously shown that IGF-I stimulates proliferation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes through activation of the extracellular regulated kinase (ERK)-1 and -2 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, and that IGF-I-stimulated MAPK is predominantly downstream of Shc, not IRS-1 phosphorylation. The Src family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases has been shown to mediate the mitogenic effects of other growth factors that also activate Shc and the ERK-1 and -2 MAPKs. Although Src family kinases (SFK) have been implicated in IGF-I action, no specific role for SFKs in IGF-I regulation of mitogenesis has been previously demonstrated. We studied the role of SFKs in IGF-I mitogenic signaling in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The SFK-selective inhibitor PP1 completely inhibited both IGF-I-stimulated DNA synthesis and MAPK activation in proliferating 3T3-L1 cells. PP1 inhibited IGF-I phosphorylation of Shc but not of IRS-1. In addition, IGF-I activation of MAPK was inhibited in proliferating cells transiently transfected with a dominant-negative c-Src. Finally, the kinetics of SFK and MAPK activation by IGF-I suggest that SFKs may act upstream of MAPK. IGF-I activation of SFK members c-Src and Fyn occurred within 1 min of treatment, and activity was back to baseline by 10 min. Our previous studies found that IGF-I activation of MAPK peaked at 5 min and was also back to baseline by 10 min. Our results are the first to demonstrate that SFKs mediate IGF-I mitogenic signaling in 3T3-L1 cells and add to the growing body of evidence that SFKs play a crucial role in IGF-I action.

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