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J Diabetes Complications. 2001 Jul-Aug;15(4):185-92.

Polymorphisms in the RAGE gene influence susceptibility to diabetes-associated microvascular dermatoses in NIDDM.

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Department of Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Komenského nám. 2, 662 43 Brno, Czech Republic.


To examine genetic polymorphism in the complete sequence of the Receptor of Advanced Glycation End products (RAGE) gene and its possible associations with diabetes-associated microvascular dermatoses (DAMD). Further, to analyze the distribution of individual genotype combinations on the particular polymorphic loci in the RAGE gene. A part of the RAGE gene spanning a region from -4 to 3334 bp was analyzed on a set of 45 subjects with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and parallel DAMD by means of PCR with subsequent heteroduplex and single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analyses. Allele frequencies and genotype combinations of novel common polymorphisms were determined in an associations study comprising four groups of subjects (n=390). Fourteen novel polymorphisms (R77C, V89V, 718G/T, 1704G/T, 1727A1728ins, H305Q, S307C, 2117A/G, 2184A/G, 2245G/A, 2249A/G, 2741G/A, and 3089ACdel) and one described previously (G82S) were identified. Significant association with microvascular dermatoses (MD) irrespective of NIDDM were found for exon mutation 82S (P= .004, after a correction for the number of comparisons P(corr) < .05) and marginally significant for intron variant 1704T (P= .032, P(corr)> .05). Calculated odds ratios for 82S and 1704T were 4.73 (95% CI, 1.51 to 14.77) and 1.73 (95% CI, 0.93 to 3.22), respectively. Certain individual genotype combinations of G82S, 1704G/T, and 2184A/G were significantly associated with the presence of MD (P= .00647) both in diabetic and non-diabetic study populations. The two novel polymorphisms (1704G/T and 2184A/G) together with the G82S were shown to influence the susceptibility to MD independent of diabetes itself.

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