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J Am Chem Soc. 2001 May 30;123(21):5022-9.

Resonance Raman studies of the iron(II)--alpha-keto acid chromophore in model and enzyme complexes.

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Department of Chemistry and Center for Metals in Biocatalysis, University of Minnesota, 207 Pleasant Street SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.


The bidentate coordination of an alpha-keto acid to an iron(II) center via the keto group and the carboxylate gives rise to metal-to-ligand charge-transfer transitions between 400 and 600 nm in model complexes and in alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases. Excitation into these absorption bands of the Fe(II)TauD(alpha-KG) complex (TauD = taurine/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase, alpha-KG = alpha-ketoglutarate) elicits two resonance Raman features at 460 and 1686 cm(-1), both of which are sensitive to (18)O labeling. Corresponding studies of model complexes, the six-coordinate [Fe(II)(6-Me(3)-TPA)(alpha-keto acid)](+) and the five-coordinate [Fe(II)(Tp(Ph2))(alpha-keto acid)] (6-Me(3)-TPA = tris[(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)methyl]amine, Tp(Ph2) = hydrotris(3,5-diphenylpyrazol-1-yl)borate), lead to the assignment of these two features to the Fe(II)(alpha-keto acid) chelate mode and the nu(C==O) of the keto carbonyl group, respectively. Furthermore, the chelate mode is sensitive to the coordination number of the metal center; binding of a sixth ligand to the five-coordinate [Fe(II)(Tp(Ph2))(benzoylformate)] elicits a 9--20 cm(-1) downshift. Thus, the 10 cm(-1) upshift of the chelate mode observed for Fe(II)TauD(alpha-KG) upon the addition of the substrate, taurine, is associated with the conversion of the six-coordinate metal center to a five-coordinate center, as observed for the iron center of clavaminate synthase from X-ray crystallography (Zhang, Z.; et al. Nat. Struct. Biol. 2000, 7, 127-133) and MCD studies (Zhou, J.; et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1998, 120, 13539--13540). These studies provide useful insights into the initial steps of the oxygen activation mechanism of alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases.

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