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J Am Chem Soc. 2001 May 2;123(17):3864-71.

Perchlorophenalenyl radical.

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Contribution from the Departments of Chemistry and Physics and Advanced Carbon Materials Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055, USA.


We report the preparation and solid-state characterization of the perchlorophenalenyl radical (1). The radical is initially obtained as a yellow-green solid by reduction of the perchlorophenalenium salt (12(+)). This solid sublimes in a sealed tube to give black shiny hexagonal crystals of the perchlorophenalenyl radical (1). The structure consists of 1-dimensional stacks of the monomeric radical. The peri-chlorine atoms force the phenalenyl system to be strongly nonplanar leading to a large separation between adjacent molecules within the stacks (3.78 A), and the molecules adopt two distinct stacking motifs (quasisuperimposed and rotated by 60 degrees with respect to neighbors). Because of the packing frustration in the lattice and the large intermolecular spacing, the solid shows Curie paramagnetism in the temperature range 100-400 K, before antiferromagnetic coupling sets in at low temperatures. Due to the narrow bandwidth that results from the isolation of the individual molecules, the solid is a Mott-Hubbard insulator, with a room-temperature conductivity of rho(RT) = 10(-10) S/cm.

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