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Cancer Res. 2001 Jul 15;61(14):5517-22.

IgEs targeted on tumor cells: therapeutic activity and potential in the design of tumor vaccines.

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San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.


Surface-bound IgE play a central role in antiparasite immunity; to exploit IgE-driven immune mechanisms in tumor prevention and control, monoclonal IgEs of irrelevant specificity were loaded through biotin-avidin bridging onto tumor cells, either by systemic administration to tumor-bearing mice or pre-loading of tumor cells before inoculation. Here we show that systemic administration of biotinylated IgEs to mice bearing tumors pre-targeted with biotinylated antibodies and avidin significantly decreased tumor growth rate. In addition, as compared with IgG-loaded control cells, inoculation of suboptimal doses of IgE-loaded tumor cells suppressed tumor formation in a fraction of animals and induced protective host immunity by eliciting tumor-specific T-cell responses. Similarly, tumor vaccination experiments showed that irradiated tumor cells (IgE loaded by biotin-avidin bridging) conferred protective immunity at doses 100-fold lower than the corresponding control cells without IgE. Finally, in vivo depletion of eosinophils or T cells abrogated IgE-driven tumor growth inhibition. These results demonstrate that IgEs targeted on tumor cells not only possess a curative potential but also confer long-term antitumor immunity and that IgE-driven antitumor activity is not restricted to the activation of innate immunity effector mechanisms but also results from eosinophil-dependent priming of a T-cell-mediated adaptive immune response. This suggests a potential role for IgEs in the design of new cell-based tumor vaccines.

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