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Inhal Toxicol. 2001 Jul;13(7):623-32.

Bioaccumulation and locomotor effect of manganese dust in rats.

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TOXHUM (Human Toxicology Research Group) and Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, PO Box 6128, Main Station, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3C 3J7.


The primary goal of this study is to determine the effects of Mn exposure via inhalation. The bioaccumulation of Mn in different organs and tissues, the alteration of biochemical parameters, and the locomotor activity were assessed. A group of 26 male Sprague-Dawley rats (E) were exposed to 3750 microg/m(3) of Mn dust for 6 h/day, 5 days/wk for 13 consecutive weeks and compared to a control group of 12 rats (C) exposed to 4 microg/m(3). After exposure, neurological evaluation was carried out for 36 h (a night-day-night cycle) using a computerized autotrack system. Rats were then sacrificed by exsanguination, and Mn content in organs and tissues was determined by neutron activation analysis. Mn concentrations in lung, putamen, and cerebellum were significantly higher in E than in C (0.30 vs. 0.17, 0.89 vs. 0.44, 0.63 vs. 0.48 ppm; p <.01), as well as in the kidney, frontal cortex, and globus pallidus (1.15 vs. 0.96, 0.84 vs. 0.47, 1.28 vs. 0.55 ppm; p <.05). Potassium concentration was significantly lower in E than in C (5.11 vs. 5.79 mmol/L; p <.05), as was alkaline phosphatase (106.9 vs. 129.6 U/L; p <.01). Locomotor activity indicated higher distance covered in the first 12-h period for E (45 383 vs. 36 098 cm; p <.05) and lower resting time in the last 12-h period for E (36 326 vs. 37 393 s; p <.05). This study is the first of several ongoing studies in our laboratory that address health concerns associated with inhalation exposure to different Mn species and to different levels of exposure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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