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J Hepatol. 2001 Jun;34(6):812-7.

Increased heme oxygenase activity in splanchnic organs from portal hypertensive rats: role in modulating mesenteric vascular reactivity.

Author information

1
Division of Digestive Disease and Nutrition and The Liver, Biliary, Pancreatic Center, UMass Memorial Health Care, Worcester, MA 01655, USA. mercedes.fernandez@umassmed.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

We have recently demonstrated that heme oxygenase-1 is upregulated in splanchnic organs of portal hypertensive rats. In the present study, we assessed whether heme oxygenase enzymatic activity is increased in splanchnic organs of portal hypertensive rats, and the relative contribution of heme oxygenase and nitric oxide synthase to the vascular hyporeactivity in portal hypertension.

METHODS:

Heme oxygenase activity was measured in splanchnic organs of portal hypertensive and sham-operated rats. The effects of heme oxygenase and nitric oxide synthase inhibition on pressure responses to potassium chloride and methoxamine were assessed in perfused mesenteric vascular beds of portal hypertensive and sham-operated rats.

RESULTS:

Heme oxygenase activity was increased in the mesentery, intestine, liver, and spleen of portal hypertensive rats. The hyporeactivity to potassium chloride in portal hypertensive rats was overcome after simultaneous inhibition of both heme oxygenase and nitric oxide synthase, but only partially attenuated after nitric oxide synthase inhibition alone. The hyporeactivity to methoxamine was completely reversed after nitric oxide synthase blockade.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate that heme oxygenase activity is increased in splanchnic organs of portal hypertensive rats. They also suggest that heme oxygenase contributes to the hyporeactivity to potassium chloride, but not to methoxamine, in portal hypertensive rats.

PMID:
11451163
DOI:
10.1016/s0168-8278(01)00010-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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