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ANZ J Surg. 2001 Jul;71(7):414-7.

1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 and its analogues, EB1089 and CB1093, profoundly inhibit the in vitro proliferation of the human hepatoblastoma cell line HepG2.

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1
University of New South Wales, Department of Surgery, St George Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25[OH]2D3) has been shown to inhibit the proliferation of various cancer cells including colon, prostate, melanoma, osteosarcoma and breast cancer.

METHODS:

The human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) was cultured with 1,25(OH)2D3 or one of two analogues EB1089 or CB1093 for various durations. Cellular proliferation was measured by uptake of [3H]thymidine, and cell numbers were determined by trypan blue exclusion counting.

RESULTS:

1,25(OH)2D3, EB1089 and CB1093 all inhibited proliferation of HepG2 by up to 90% after 5 days of treatment, compared to the untreated controls. Decreased proliferation was associated with an approximately 50% reduction in cell numbers at concentrations of up to 10(-10) mol/L after 5 days of treatment with 1,25(OH)2D3. Cell proliferation rapidly recovered in cultures treated with lower concentrations of 1,25(OH)2D3 (10(-10) and 10(-11) mol/L) when 1,25(OH)2D3 was removed from the cultures by placing cells in serum containing medium without 1,25(OH)2D3. When HepG2 cells were treated with 10(-8) mol/L 1,25(OH)2D3 for 5 weeks, there was still significant inhibition of proliferation, although at week 5 there was 66% inhibition compared to 93% at the end of week 1.

CONCLUSIONS:

1,25(OH)2D3, EB1089 and CB1093 all significantly inhibit the proliferation of HepG2 hepatoblastoma cells, with EB1089 being the most potent at lower concentrations. Inhibition can be maintained for at least 4 weeks, but is reversed after removal of vitamin D3.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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