Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Heart Lung. 2001 Jul-Aug;30(4):294-301.

Relationship between psychosocial variables and compliance in patients with heart failure.

Author information

1
California State University, Los Angeles, School of Nursing, USA.

Erratum in

  • Heart Lung 2001 Nov-Dec;30(6):476-8.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to describe the socio-demographic, psychosocial, and social support variables that predict compliance to treatment regimens in HF patients.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Semistructured interviews were conducted on 82 patients at an outpatient heart failure clinic to gather data related to compliance behaviors. Five standardized instruments were used to gather data on patients' psychosocial health status and perceived social support.

RESULTS:

The overall compliance rate was 85.13 (10.01%). Higher levels of compliance (> 90%) were noted for follow-up appointments, medications, smoking, and alcohol cessation. Poor compliance was observed with dietary and exercise recommendations (71% and 53%, respectively). In a multivariate model, higher education, higher mental and physical health status and neuroticism independently contributed to 24% of the variance in overall compliance.

CONCLUSION:

The study supports that HF patients had poor compliance with dietary and exercise regimens. Since following a dietary and exercise regimen has been demonstrated to reduce morbidity in this population, strategies to increase compliance should be rigorously pursued [corrected].

PMID:
11449216
DOI:
10.1067/mhl.2001.116011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for eScholarship, California Digital Library, University of California
Loading ...
Support Center