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Curr Biol. 2001 Jun 26;11(12):981-6.

CAPRI regulates Ca(2+)-dependent inactivation of the Ras-MAPK pathway.

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Department of Biochemistry, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, BS8 1TD, Bristol, United Kingdom.


Ca(2+) is a universal second messenger that is critical for cell growth and is intimately associated with many Ras-dependent cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation. Ras is a small GTP binding protein that operates as a molecular switch regulating the control of gene expression, cell growth, and differentiation through a pathway from receptors to mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). A role for intracellular Ca(2+) in the activation of Ras has been previously demonstrated, e.g., via the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase PYK2 and by Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) such as Ras-GRF; however, there is no Ca(2+)-dependent mechanism for direct inactivation. An important advance toward greater understanding of the complex coordination within the Ras-signaling network is the spatio-temporal analysis of signaling events in vivo. Here, we describe the identification of CAPRI (Ca(2+)-promoted Ras inactivator), a Ca(2+)-dependent Ras GTPase-activating protein (GAP) that switches off the Ras-MAPK pathway following a stimulus that elevates intracellular Ca(2+). Analysis of the spatio-temporal dynamics of CAPRI indicates that Ca(2+) regulates the GAP by a fast C2 domain-dependent translocation mechanism.

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