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Gynecol Endocrinol. 2001 Jun;15(3):198-201.

Divalent cations in women with PCOS: implications for cardiovascular disease.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SUNY Health Science Center, 450 Clarkson Ave, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients are known to have a high incidence of insulin resistance and glucose intolerance and tend to be at eventual high risk of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. It has been repeatedly shown that a low serum ionized magnesium (Mg2+) and a high ionized calcium to magnesium (Ca2+/Mg2+) ratio is often associated with insulin resistance, cardiovascular problems, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. We were therefore interested in assessing the serum divalent cation profile of PCOS patients compared with that of normal women of similar age. We found significantly lower serum Mg2+ and total magnesium and a significantly higher serum Ca2+/Mg2+ ratio in the PCOS patients compared with the controls. No correlation was found, however, between the serum concentrations of steroid hormones (estrogen, progesterone and testosterone), or any of the cations in the PCOS patients or the controls.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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