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Am J Emerg Med. 2001 Jul;19(4):270-3.

Rate and prediction of infection in children with diabetic ketoacidosis.

Author information

1
Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to determine the rate and prediction of infection in children, < or = 21 years, with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Over a 6-year period, 247 admissions were identified. There were 171 (69%) with no infection, 44 (17.8%) with presumed viral infection, and 32 (12.9%) with bacterial infection. The mean WBC for all patients was 17,519 ( +/- 9,582). 118 (50%) had leukocytosis as defined by a WBC > or = 15,000/mm3. WBC, differential, leukocytosis, as well as sex, temperature and new onset diabetes, were not significant predictors (P > .05) of bacterial infection. Bacterial infections were more common in children < or = 3 years of age (P = .03). There was a significant correlation of WBC with both pH (r = -0.59, P < .001) and bicarbonate (r = -0.43, P < .001). In conclusion, most children in DKA have no evidence of infection. Leukocytosis is common but most likely reflects the severity of DKA rather than the presence of infection.

PMID:
11447509
DOI:
10.1053/ajem.2001.24473
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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