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Med Mycol. 2001 Jun;39(3):299-302.

Aspergillus fumigatus CYP51 sequence: potential basis for fluconazole resistance.

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MCP Hahnemann University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19129, USA.


We have cloned and sequenced the Aspergillus fumigatus CYP51 gene which encodes the target of azole antifungal agents, namely cytochrome P450 sterol 14alpha-demethylase. Since A. fumigatus is intrinsically resistant to the widely used azole fluconazole, we compared its predicted CYP51 sequence to the CYP51 sequences from fluconazole-susceptible and resistant Candida albicans. This analysis generated specific hypotheses regarding the basis for A. fumigatus fluconazole resistance; in particular, A. fumigatus residue Ile301 corresponds to C. albicans residue Thr315 which is mutated to Ala in resistant strains and is proposed to hydrogen bond with the sterol substrate.

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