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Genome. 2001 Jun;44(3):470-5.

Exploitation of Arabidopsis-tomato synteny to construct a high-resolution map of the ovatecontaining region in tomato chromosome 2.

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Department of Plant Breeding, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.


High-resolution genetic and physical maps were constructed for the region of chromosome 2 containing the major fruit-shape locus ovate. A total of 3,000 NIL F2 and F3 NILs derived from Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Yellow Pear (TA503) x L. pennellii (a wild tomato) were used to position ovate adjacent to the marker TG645 and flanked by markers TX700 and BA10R (a 0.03-cM interval). BAC libraries and a BIBAC library were screened with the closest marker, TG645. Genetic mapping with the ends of isolated BAC clones revealed that two BAC clones (100 and 140 kb) both contained the ovate locus. Screening of sequences from these BAC clones revealed synteny between this segment of tomato chromosome 2 and the chromosome-4 region of Arabidopsis containing the BAC clone ATAP22. Microsynteny between the two genomes was exploited to find additional markers near the ovate locus. The placement of ovate on a BAC clone will now allow cloning of this locus and, hence, may open the door to understanding the molecular basis of fruit development and also facilitate the genetic engineering of fruit-shape characteristics. This also represents the first time that microsynteny with Arabidopsis has been exploited for positional cloning purposes in a different plant family.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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