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Genome. 2001 Jun;44(3):361-7.

New evidence for the synteny of rice chromosome 1 and barley chromosome 3H from rice expressed sequence tags.

Author information

1
Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben, Germany.

Abstract

To provide improved access to the wealth of resources and genomic information that is presently being developed for rice a set of 88 rice expressed sequence tags (ESTs) previously mapped on rice chromosome I in the cross 'Nipponbare' x 'Kasalath' was used for comparative mapping in a cross of the barley cultivars 'Igri' and 'Franka'. As expected. most (89%) of the clones gave distinct banding patterns in barley of which about one-third was polymorphic between 'Igri' and 'Franka'. These polymorphisms were mapped, and most of these (56%) confirmed that rice chromosome 1 and barley chromosome 3H are syntenous. All single-copy markers identified conserved collinear positions, while markers with multiple copies did so in a few cases only. The markers that were not fitting in the collinear order were distributed randomly across the barley genome. The comparative maps of barley chromosome 3H and rice chromosome 1 comprise in total 26 common markers covering more than 95% of the genetic length of both chromosomes. A 30-fold reduction of recombination is seen around the barley centromere, and synteny may be interrupted in this region. However, the good overall synteny on a mesoscale (1-10 cM) justifies the use of rice as a platform for map-based cloning in barley.

PMID:
11444694
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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