Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer. 2001 Jul 1;92(1):188-93.

Relation between cyclooxygenase-2 expression and tumor invasiveness and patient survival in transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Kagoshima University, Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, Japan. tsu@m2.kufm.kagoshima-u.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Expression of the inducible form of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is known to correlate with development of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the human urinary bladder. However, the clinical significance of COX-2 expression with respect to clinicopathologic findings and patient survival is unknown.

METHODS:

COX-2 expression was examined immunohistochemically in tumor tissues obtained from 108 patients who underwent radical cystectomy for TCCs, without knowledge of clinicopathologic findings. Correlation between COX-2 expression and clinicopathologic findings and patient survival was determined.

RESULTS:

COX-2 expression was detected in 34 of 108 (31%) tumors but in none of 10 normal uroepithelial samples. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed a significant correlation between COX-2 expression and local invasion, infiltration pattern, lymphatic invasion, and venous invasion. However, multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that only local invasion correlated significantly with COX-2 expression (P = 0.047). Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that both local invasion (P = 0.008) and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.001) were independent prognostic factors; however, COX-2 expression (P = 0.16) was not.

CONCLUSIONS:

The authors showed that COX-2 overexpression plays a role in development and invasion of TCCs, but not prognosis of patients with TCC. COX-2 inhibitors may be useful for chemoprevention of TCCs and treatment of invasive disease.

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center