Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Pharm Res. 2001 Mar;18(3):316-22.

Formulation and evaluation of a folic acid receptor-targeted oral vancomycin liposomal dosage form.

Author information

1
Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To demonstrate utility of folic acid-coated liposomes for enhancing the delivery of a poorly absorbed glycopeptide, vancomycin. via the oral route.

METHODS:

Liposomes prepared as dehydration-rehydration vesicles (DRVs) containing vancomycin were optimized for encapsulation efficiency and stability. A folic acid-poly(ethylene oxide)-cholesterol construct was synthesized for adsorption at DRV surfaces. Liposomes were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and assessed in vitro in the Caco-2 cell model and in vivo in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Non-compartmental pharmacokinetic analysis of vancomycin was conducted after intravenous and oral administration of solution or liposome-encapsulated vancomycin with or without 0.05 mole ratio FA-PEO-Chol adsorbed at liposome surfaces.

RESULTS:

Optimal loading of vancomycin (32%) was achieved in DRVs of DSPC:Chol:DCP, 3:1:0.25 mole ratio (m.r.) after liposome extrusion. Liposomes released less than 40% of the entrapped drug after 2 hours incubation in simulated gastrointestinal (GI) fluid and simulated intestinal fluid containing a 10 mM bile salt cocktail. Incorporation of FA-PEO-Chol in liposomes increased drug leakage by 20% but resulted in a 5.7-fold increase in Caco-2 cell uptake of vancomycin. Liposomal delivery significantly increased the area under the curve of oral vancomycin resulting in a mean 3.9-fold and 12.5-fold increase in relative bioavailability for uncoated and FA-PEO-Chol-coated liposomes, respectively, compared with an oral solution.

CONCLUSIONS:

The design of FA-PEO-Chol-coated liposomes resulted in a dramatic increase in the oral delivery of a moderate-size glycopeptide in the rat compared with uncoated liposomes or oral solution. It is speculated that the cause of the observed effect was due to binding of liposome-surface folic acid to receptors in the GI tract with subsequent receptor-mediated endocytosis of entrapped vancomycin by enterocytes.

PMID:
11442271
DOI:
10.1023/a:1011002913601
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center