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Dent Mater J. 2001 Mar;20(1):16-23.

Casting accuracy of experimental Ti-Cu alloys.

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Department of Dental Materials Science, Tokyo Dental College, 1-2-2 Masago, Mihama-ku, Chiba, 261-8502 Japan.


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the casting accuracy and the dimensional change of experimental titanium-copper alloys (3.0 and 5.0 mass% Cu; hereafter, only "%" will be used) and to compare the findings with those of pure titanium. Castings were made using an argon-arc melting/pressure difference-casting unit. The fit of the metals cast in both full crown and MOD inlay dies was evaluated by measuring the distance between the shoulder margin and the cervical shoulder of the die. The changes in the inner diameter of castings were determined. In addition, surface roughness measurements inside the castings were carried out using a conventional profilometer, and thermal expansion measurements were made on cast cylindrical specimens using a differential dilatometer. There were no significant differences in dimensional change between pure titanium and the titanium-copper alloys. The fit of the titanium-copper alloys was inferior to pure titanium. The results of surface roughness measurements showed significance differences between the roughness of the pure titanium and titanium-copper alloys.

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