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J Lipid Res. 2001 Jul;42(7):1143-51.

Characterization of four lipoprotein classes in human cerebrospinal fluid.

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Medical Clinic, University Hospital Eppendorf, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany.


Lipoprotein metabolism in brain has not yet been fully elucidated, although there are a few reports concerning lipids in the brain and lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). To establish normal levels of lipoproteins in human CSF, total cholesterol, phospholipids, and fatty acids as well as apolipoprotein E (apoE) and apoA-I levels were determined in CSF samples from 216 individuals. For particle characterization, lipoproteins from human CSF were isolated by affinity chromatography and analyzed for size, lipid and apolipoprotein composition. Two consecutive immunoaffinity columns with antibodies, first against apoE and subsequently against apoA-I, were used to define four distinct lipoprotein classes. The major lipoprotein fraction consisted of particles of 13;-20 nm containing apoE and apoA-I as well as apoA-IV, apoD, apoH, and apoJ. In the second particle class (13;-18 nm) mainly apoA-I and apoA-II but no apoE was detected. Third, there was a small number of large particles (18;-22 nm) containing no apoA-I but apoE associated with apoA-IV, apoD, and apoJ. In the unbound fraction we detected small particles (10;-12 nm) with low lipid content containing apoA-IV, apoD, apoH, and apoJ. In summary, we established lipid and apolipoprotein levels in CSF in a large group of individuals and described four distinct lipoprotein classes in human CSF, differing in their apolipoprotein pattern, lipid composition, and size. On the basis of our own data and previous findings from other groups, we propose a classification of CSF lipoproteins.

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