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Neuroscience. 2001;104(3):807-27.

Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and extended amygdala inputs to dopamine subpopulations in primates.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester School of Medicine, NY 14642, USA.

Abstract

The 'extended amygdala', a forebrain continuum implicated in complex motivational responses, is comprised of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and its sublenticular extension into the centromedial amygdala. Dopamine is also involved in motivated behavior, and is increased in several brain regions by emotionally relevant stimuli. To examine how the extended amygdala influences the dopamine cells, we determined the organization of inputs from subdivisions of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and sublenticular extended amygdala to the dopamine subpopulations in monkeys. Inputs from the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and corresponding regions of the sublenticular extended amygdala are differentially organized. The medial bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and its medial sublenticular extension have a mediolateral organization with the densest inputs to the medial substantia nigra, pars compacta, and relatively few inputs to the central and lateral substantia nigra. In contrast, the lateral bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (and its continuation into the sublenticular extended amygdala) projects across the mediolateral extent of the substantia nigra. The subnuclei of the lateral bed nucleus of the stria terminalis also have differential projections to the dopamine cells. While the central core of the lateral bed nucleus of the stria terminalis has restricted inputs, the surrounding dorsolateral, capsular and juxtacapsular subdivisions project strongly to the dorsal tier dopamine neurons. The posterior subdivision of the lateral bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and its continuation into the central sublenticular extended amygdala project more broadly to both the dorsal tier and densocellular region of the ventral tier. From these results we suggest that specific subdivisions of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis have differential influences on the dopamine subpopulations, influencing dopamine responses in diverse brain regions.

PMID:
11440812
DOI:
10.1016/s0306-4522(01)00112-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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