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J Cancer Educ. 2001 Summer;16(2):85-8.

Compliance with fecal occult blood test screening among low-income medical outpatients: a randomized controlled trial using a videotaped intervention.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA. loisf@bcm.tmc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Morbidity and mortality from colorectal cancer (CRC) are heightened among the socioeconomically disadvantaged.

METHOD:

A randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a videotaped intervention using peer educators as well as a health professional to increase compliance with fecal occult blood test (FOBT) screening. Participants were 160 older individuals attending a medical outpatient clinic. Compliance with FOBT use was the dependent measure. Demographic variables, family history of CRC, viewing the videotape, perceived risk, self-efficacy, physician recommendation, knowledge about CRC screening, and intent to use the FOBT were independent measures.

RESULTS:

Approximately 41% of participants complied with FOBT screening. Significant relationships were found between intent and family history of CRC, viewing the video, perceived risk, self-efficacy, and CRC knowledge. However, none of these variables was significantly related to compliance with FOBT use.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although modest compliance rates were shown for both experimental and control groups, their compliance did not differ significantly. Further investigation of the impact of a video as part of an enhanced intervention program should be considered.

PMID:
11440068
DOI:
10.1080/08858190109528738
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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