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Gastroenterology. 2001 Jul;121(1):124-30.

A functional polymorphism of the stromelysin gene (MMP-3) influences susceptibility to primary sclerosing cholangitis.

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Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals, Oxford, England.



We have investigated the influence of a biallelic polymorphism of the promoter region of stromelysin (matrix metalloproteinase 3) on susceptibility to primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). The 5A allele is associated with increased transcription, compared with wild-type (6A).


An allelic association study was performed: in stage 1, 52 PSC patients (43 with inflammatory bowel disease [IBD]) and 99 healthy subjects (HS) were genotyped. In stage 2, 59 PSC patients (49 IBD), 84 patients with uncomplicated ulcerative colitis, and 72 HS were genotyped.


In stage 1, 5A carriage rate (90.4% vs. 72.7%; P = 0.012) and 5A allelic frequency (65.4% vs. 48.5%; P = 0.005) were increased, and 6A homozygosity was reduced in PSC (9.6% vs. 27.3%; P = 0.012). In stage 2, 5A allelic carriage was increased in PSC (93.2% vs. 76.4% in HS; P = 0.0092) and 6A homozygosity was reduced (6.8% vs. 23.8% in HS; P = 0.0092). Portal hypertension was associated with 5A homozygosity in PSC (P = 0.035; odds ratio [OR], 3.88). In the combined data set, 5A allelic frequencies (63.5% vs. 49.4%; P = 0.001; OR, 1.78) and 5A carriage rates (91.9% vs. 74.2%; P = 0.0002; OR, 3.92) were increased, and 6A homozygosity was reduced in PSC (8.1% vs. 25.7%; P = 0.0002; OR, 0.25). Overall, portal hypertension was associated with 5A homozygosity (P = 0.0192; OR, 3.12).


Stromelysin polymorphism may influence susceptibility and disease progression in PSC.

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