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J Microbiol Methods. 2001 Sep;46(3):241-51.

Evaluation of real-time quantitative PCR for identification and quantification of Chlamydia pneumoniae by comparison with immunohistochemistry.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Bartholin Building, Wilhelm Meyers Alle, DK-8000 C, Aarhus, Denmark.


Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia and it has been associated with atherosclerosis. C. pneumoniae has usually been diagnosed by serology using a microimmunofluorescence test, but more recently polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been viewed as an advantageous alternative. We developed a quantitative real-time PCR for detection of C. pneumoniae. Primers were targeted for the pmp4 gene, and the PCR fragment was detected real-time with a fluorescence resonance energy transfer probe set using a LightCycler instrument. The PCR was used on DNA released from 50 microm sections of paraffin-embedded formalin-fixed lung tissue from experimentally infected mice. Thereby, the number of C. pneumoniae genomes was determined. To our knowledge this is the first time quantification of C. pneumoniae DNA has been attempted on paraffin-embedded formalin-fixed tissue. C. pneumoniae-specific immunohistochemistry (IHC) was done on 5 microm sections adjacent to the sections used in PCR, and the number of inclusions were counted in each section. Good correlation was found when comparing results from PCR and IHC, which is in contrast to many previous studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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