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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Jul 6;285(1):147-51.

Identification of coding single-nucleotide polymorphisms in human taste receptor genes involving bitter tasting.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, Nagoya City University Medical School, Nagoya, Japan.


T2Rs comprise a G-protein-coupled receptor superfamily that contains functionally defined bitter taste receptors. Here we report the tissue expressions and coding single-nucleotide polymorphisms (cSNPs) in human T2R genes (hT2R3, hT2R4, and hT2R5) on chromosome 7q31. We first demonstrated that hT2R3, hT2R4, and hT2R5 are actually expressed in the circumvallate papillae of the human tongue by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We identified six cSNPs within the T2R receptor genes. The hT2R4 and hT2R5 contained four and one cSNPs that cause missense mutations, respectively, while hT2R3 included one silent nucleotide mutation. However, we could not find any nonsense mutations that resulted in a frameshift or a premature stop codon within the open reading frames. Genotype frequencies of each cSNP were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The identification of nucleotide diversity and amino acid polymorphisms in human T2R receptors could help clarify individual differences in the acceptability and sensitivity to bitter compounds.

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