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J Vasc Surg. 2001 Jul;34(1):54-61.

The outcome in the United States after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair, renal artery bypass, and mesenteric revascularization.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to determine outcome and identify predictors of death after thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAA) repair, renal artery bypass (RAB), and revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI).

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In this retrospective analysis, data were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a 20% all-payer stratified sample of hospitals in the United States during 1993 to 1997. Patients were identified by the presence of a diagnostic or procedure code from the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM). The main outcomes we examined were death, ICD-9-CM -based complications, length of stay, hospital charges, and disposition. A multivariate model was constructed to predict death.

RESULTS:

A total of 2934 patients were identified (TAA, 540; RAB, 2058; CMI, 336) in the database. The mean age was comparable (TAA, 69 +/- 9 years; RAB, 66 +/- 12 years; CMI, 66 +/- 11 years), but the breakdown between the sexes varied by procedure (male: TAA, 53%; RAB, 55%; CMI, 24%). The mortality rate (TAA, 20.3%; RAB, 7.1%; CMI, 14.7%), complication rate (TAA, 62.2%; RAB, 37.4%; CMI, 44.6%), and the percentage of patients discharged to another institution (TAA, 21.2%; RAB, 9.3%; CMI, 12.0%) were clinically significant for all procedures. The mortality rate for RAB was greater when performed concomitant with an aortic reconstruction (4.4% vs 8.3%). All three procedures were resource intensive as reflected by the median length of stay (TAA, 14 days; RAB, 9 days; CMI, 14 days) and median hospital charges (TAA, $64,493; RAB, $36,830; CMI, $47,390). The multivariate model identified several variables for each procedure that had an impact on the predicted mortality rate (TAA, 14%-76%; RAB, < 1%-46%; CMI, < 2%-87%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The operative mortality rates across the United States for patients undergoing TAA repair and RAB are greater than commonly reported in the literature and mandate reexamining the treatment strategies for these complex vascular problems.

PMID:
11436075
DOI:
10.1067/mva.2001.115596
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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