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Muscle glycogen, lactate and glycerol-3-phosphate concentrations of larval and young adult lampreys in response to exercise.

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1
School of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Division of Science and Engineering, Murdoch University, 6150, Murdoch, Western Australia, Australia.

Abstract

When stimulated, the ammocoetes (larvae) of Geotria australis swim continuously at a moderate rate for only approximately 20 min, whereas the downstream migrants (young adults) of this species did not become exhausted following similar swimming activity over the same period. Mean concentrations of muscle glycogen in ammocoetes declined during exercise, but returned to resting levels within 30 min of recovery, whereas those in young adults changed little during the corresponding periods. Moreover, muscle lactate concentrations of ammocoetes rose markedly during exercise and the first 30 min of recovery, before declining significantly, while those of young adults remained similar during and immediately after exercise. Calculations, using the glycogen and lactate concentrations immediately after exercise, suggest that during exercise glycogen is, to some extent, utilised anaerobically (approx. 24%) by ammocoetes, but only aerobically by young adults. Furthermore, since young adults used only a small amount of glycogen, they presumably metabolised triacylglycerol aerobically to produce energy. Muscle glycerol-3-phosphate levels were far higher prior to and immediately after exercise in downstream migrants than in ammocoetes and then declined precipitously. The above trends in muscle glycogen and lactate of larval G. australis parallels, to some degree, those recorded by other workers for upstream migrant Petromyzon marinus that had been exercised to exhaustion.

PMID:
11435130
DOI:
10.1016/s1096-4959(01)00386-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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