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Thromb Haemost. 2001 Jun;85(6):975-8.

von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease in childhood diarrhoea-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome.

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1
Department of Haematology, Guy's and St Thomas' Trust, London, UK. beverley.hunt@gstt.sthames.nhs.uk

Abstract

A deficiency of von Willebrand factor (vWF)-cleaving protease, either due to a congenital deficiency or to the presence of a protease inhibitor of vWF-cleaving protease has been associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). We have studied vWF-cleaving protease in diarrhoea-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome (D+ HUS), which shares clinical features with TTP. 29 children with acute D+ HUS and 13 control children were studied. vWF-cleaving protease activity was normal (range 50-150%) in 39 of 42 plasma samples. Levels of protease activity between 25 and 50% were noted in plasma from two D+ HUS patients. One D+HUS patient, who had clinical features of TTP, had a vWF-cleaving protease inhibitor producing a severe deficiency of vWF-cleaving protease. Thus a deficiency of vWF-cleaving protease appears to be atypical in D+HUS. The detection of a vWF-cleaving protease inhibitor in one patient suggests it may be associated with infection such as E. coli O157.

PMID:
11434704
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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