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J Endocrinol Invest. 2001 Jun;24(6):408-14.

Endogenous sex steroid, GH and IGF-I levels in normal elderly men: relationships with bone mineral density and markers of bone turnover.

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Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.


There are studies concerning the association among endogenous sex steroids, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and bone mineral density (BMD) in both men and women. However, little is known concerning the association of these parameters with markers of bone turnover in healthy elderly men. We studied the association of BMD (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry of spine, hip and forearm) and markers of bone turnover (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, serum C-terminal propeptide of type I collagen, and serum osteocalcin reflecting formation, urine deoxypyridinoline and calcium excretion in relation to creatinine excretion reflecting resorption) with endogenous sex steroids, GH and IGF-I in 14 elderly normal men (age range 60-79 years). There was a negative correlation between age and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) (r=-0.60, p=0.022) and a positive correlation between GH and IGF-I (r=0.53, p=0.048). Serum estradiol concentrations correlated with BMD at distal 1/3 radius (r=0.41, p=0.1) and mid-radius (r=0.47, p=0.08), and negatively correlated with age (r=-0.45, p=0.09). There was no correlation of estradiol with bone turnover markers, testosterone, free testosterone, DHEAS, GH and IGF-I. Serum GH and IGF-I levels showed no correlation with BMD (all sites) and bone turnover markers. Serum total testosterone concentrations positively correlated with BMD at distal 1/3 radius (r=0.47, p=0.09), femoral neck (r=0.56, p=0.037) and Ward's triangle (r=0.49, p=0.07). These data suggest that serum estradiol and testosterone levels are associated with BMD in elderly men, possibly indicating their contribution to skeletal maintenance in old age. However, correlations of IGF-I, GH and DHEAS with BMD and bone turnover markers are lacking in the group studied.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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