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Genes Genet Syst. 2001 Apr;76(2):131-9.

The transposition pattern of the Ac element in tobacco cultured cells.

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Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Japan.


We investigated physical distances and directions of transposition of the maize transposable element Ac in tobacco cultured cells. We introduced a T-DNA construct that carried a non-autonomous derivative of Ac (designated dAc-I-RS) that included sites for cleavage by restriction endonuclease MluI. Another cleavage site was also introduced into the T-DNA region outside of the dAc-I-RS transposable element. The tobacco cultured cell line BY-2 was transformed with the T-DNA and several transformed lines that had a single copy of the T-DNA at a different chromosomal location were isolated. These lines were co-cultured with Agrobacterium tumefaciens cells that carried a cDNA for the Ac transposase gene under the control of various promoters. Sublines of cultured cells in which dAc-I-RS had been transposed, were isolated. The genomic DNAs of these sublines were isolated and digested with MluI. Sizes of DNA segments generated by digestion were determined by pulse-field gel electrophoresis. Our results showed that 20 to 70% of transposition events had occurred within several hundreds kilo-base pairs (kb) on the same chromosome. These results demonstrate that the Ac-Ds element preferentially transposed to regions near the original site in a tobacco chromosome. In addition, the present results are an example of asymmetric transposition as demonstrated by the distance of transposition on the chromosome.

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