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Nucleic Acids Res. 2001 Jul 1;29(13):E64-4.

The mapping of nucleosomes and regulatory protein binding sites at the Saccharomyces cerevisiae MFA2 gene: a high resolution approach.

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School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales Swansea, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK.


We have developed an end-labelling approach to map the positions of nucleosomes and protein binding sites at nucleotide resolution by footprinting micrococcal nuclease (MNase)-sensitive sites. Using this approach we determined that the MFA2 gene and its upstream control regions have four positioned nucleosomes when transcription is repressed in mating type alpha cells and that the nucleosomes lose their positioning when the gene became transcriptionally active in mating type a cells. We also detected MNase-hypersensitive sites in the alpha2 operator region of MFA2 in alpha cells but not in a cells. These probably result from the change in the local DNA conformation due to protein(s) binding in this region that governs MFA2 transcription.

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