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EMBO J. 2001 Jul 2;20(13):3306-12.

Crystal structure of a superantigen bound to MHC class II displays zinc and peptide dependence.

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1
Molecular Biophysics, Centre for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lund University, PO Box 124, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden.

Abstract

The three-dimensional structure of a bacterial superantigen, Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin H (SEH), bound to human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II (HLA-DR1) has been determined by X-ray crystallography to 2.6 A resolution (1HXY). The superantigen binds on top of HLA-DR1 in a completely different way from earlier co-crystallized superantigens from S.aureus. SEH interacts with high affinity through a zinc ion with the beta1 chain of HLA-DR1 and also with the peptide presented by HLA-DR1. The structure suggests that all superantigens interacting with MHC class II in a zinc-dependent manner present the superantigen in a common way. This suggests a new model for ternary complex formation with the T-cell receptor (TCR), in which a contact between the TCR and the MHC class II is unlikely.

PMID:
11432818
PMCID:
PMC125526
DOI:
10.1093/emboj/20.13.3306
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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