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J Formos Med Assoc. 2001 May;100(5):309-14.

Urodynamic results of intravesical heparin therapy for women with frequency urgency syndrome and interstitial cystitis.

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Department of Urology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan.



Although intravesical heparin instillation is effective in relieving symptoms in patients with frequency urgency syndrome and interstitial cystitis (IC), its efficacy has not been evaluated by urodynamic study. We used urodynamic studies to evaluate the efficacy of heparin instillation in patients with frequency urgency syndrome and IC.


Forty women (mean age, 59.6 yr) with severe frequency, urgency, and suprapubic pain at full bladder were enrolled in this study. Patients underwent videourodynamic study with the potassium chloride (KCl) test. All patients had a positive KCl test and were treated with intravesical heparin 25,000 units twice a week for 3 months. Results of urodynamic study and voiding symptom changes assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score at the end of treatment were compared with baseline data.


Twenty-nine patients had symptom score improvement of more than 50%, and eight had symptom score improvement of less than 50% but improved nocturia. Significant improvement in symptom score (9.0 +/- 4.0 vs 19.5 +/- 4.6, p < 0.001) and nocturia (2.3 +/- 1.1 vs 5.7 +/- 2.0, p < 0.001) were noted after treatment. Urodynamic study at the end of treatment revealed significant improvements in the first sensation of filling (146 +/- 55.4 vs 96 +/- 46.4 mL, p = 0.001) and cystometric capacity (304 +/- 84.8 vs 262 +/- 89.8 mL, p = 0.002). Posttreatment KCl test was negative in 20 patients, improved in 13, and unchanged in seven. Among the 10 patients with cystoscopically proven IC, eight had symptomatic improvement and four had a negative KCl test after treatment.


IC and frequency urgency syndrome may be caused by increased urothelial permeability. The results of this study show that intravesical heparin can relieve bladder symptoms in a significant proportion of patients, and this may be associated with the restoration of mucosal integrity.

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