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J Biol Chem. 2001 Aug 31;276(35):32474-9. Epub 2001 Jun 28.

Asymmetric interactions between the acidic P1 and P2 proteins in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ribosomal stalk.

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Centro de Biologia Molecular, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas and Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Canto Blanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae ribosomal stalk is made of five components, the 32-kDa P0 and four 12-kDa acidic proteins, P1alpha, P1beta, P2alpha, and P2beta. The P0 carboxyl-terminal domain is involved in the interaction with the acidic proteins and resembles their structure. Protein chimeras were constructed in which the last 112 amino acids of P0 were replaced by the sequence of each acidic protein, yielding four fusion proteins, P0-1alpha, P0-1beta, P0-2alpha, and P0-2beta. The chimeras were expressed in P0 conditional null mutant strains in which wild-type P0 is not present. In S. cerevisiae D4567, which is totally deprived of acidic proteins, the four fusion proteins can replace the wild-type P0 with little effect on cell growth. In other genetic backgrounds, the chimeras either reduce or increase cell growth because of their effect on the ribosomal stalk composition. An analysis of the stalk proteins showed that each P0 chimera is able to strongly interact with only one acidic protein. The following associations were found: P0-1alpha.P2beta, P0-1beta.P2alpha, P0-2alpha.P1beta, and P0-2beta.P1alpha. These results indicate that the four acidic proteins do not form dimers in the yeast ribosomal stalk but interact with each other forming two specific associations, P1alpha.P2beta and P1beta.P2alpha, which have different structural and functional roles.

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