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Mol Cell. 2001 Jun;7(6):1267-78.

The two-handed E box binding zinc finger protein SIP1 downregulates E-cadherin and induces invasion.

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1
Molecular Cell Biology Unit, Department of Molecular Biology, VIB-Ghent University, B-9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Abstract

Transcriptional downregulation of E-cadherin appears to be an important event in the progression of various epithelial tumors. SIP1 (ZEB-2) is a Smad-interacting, multi-zinc finger protein that shows specific DNA binding activity. Here, we report that expression of wild-type but not of mutated SIP1 downregulates mammalian E-cadherin transcription via binding to both conserved E2 boxes of the minimal E-cadherin promoter. SIP1 and Snail bind to partly overlapping promoter sequences and showed similar silencing effects. SIP1 can be induced by TGF-beta treatment and shows high expression in several E-cadherin-negative human carcinoma cell lines. Conditional expression of SIP1 in E-cadherin-positive MDCK cells abrogates E-cadherin-mediated intercellular adhesion and simultaneously induces invasion. SIP1 therefore appears to be a promoter of invasion in malignant epithelial tumors.

PMID:
11430829
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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