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Mol Cell. 2001 Jun;7(6):1233-43.

Role of PML and PML-RARalpha in Mad-mediated transcriptional repression.

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Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, RIKEN Tsukuba Institute, 305-0074, Ibaraki, Japan.


Fusion of the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein to the retinoic acid receptor-alpha (RARalpha) generates the transforming protein of acute promyelocytic leukemias. PML appears to be involved in multiple functions, including apoptosis and transcriptional activation by RAR, whereas PML-RARalpha blocks these functions of PML. However, the mechanisms of leukemogenesis by PML-RARalpha remain elusive. Here we show that PML interacts with multiple corepressors (c-Ski, N-CoR, and mSin3A) and histone deacetylase 1, and that this interaction is required for transcriptional repression mediated by the tumor suppressor Mad. PML-RARalpha has the two corepressor-interacting sites and inhibits Mad-mediated repression, suggesting that aberrant binding of PML-RARalpha to the corepressor complexes may lead to abrogation of the corepressor function. These mechanisms may contribute to events leading to leukemogenesis.

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