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Can J Microbiol. 1979 Apr;25(4):512-21.

Auxanographic grouping and typing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae.


Nearly 96% of 1297 Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates in Hamilton were assigned to six major auxanographic groups (non-requiring or NR, Pro-, Orn-, Pro-Cit-Ura-, Orn-Ura-Hyx-, Cit-Ura-Hyx-) as established by requirements for none, or any one or more of proline, uracil, hypoxanthine, citrulline (Cit-), or citrulline replaceable by ornithine (Orn-) on chemically defined medium modified from Catlin (1973). Seven other groups, and strains not growing, accounted for 4.2%. The most common groups were Orn-Ura-Hyx- (25.6%) and Pro-Cit-Ura (31.8%). This latter group has not been previously described. These "Pro Cit/Orn Ura Hyx" criteria were among the most unequivocal to interpret; with rare exceptions for proline, a requirement was shown by absence of growth at any time in the zones of inoculation from a replicator. For some strains, some of the possible additional requirements (leucine, valine, isoleucine, glutamine, threonine, serine, histidine, etc.) could be less readily ascertained, because an occasional manifestation was to reduce the amount of growth, or to slow down the rate of growth, compared to complete medium. The first four of the six groups were the least fastidious, in that few strains had any additional requirements. About 2% of strains were inhibited by 0.25 mM phenylalanine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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