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Nat Immunol. 2001 Jul;2(7):597-604.

ICOS is critical for T helper cell-mediated lung mucosal inflammatory responses.

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Department of Biology, Inflammation Division, Millennium Pharmaceuticals Inc., 45-75 Sidney St., Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.


We examined the requirement for and cooperation between CD28 and inducible costimulator (ICOS) in effective T helper (TH) cell responses in vivo. We found that both CD28 and ICOS were critical in determining the outcome of an immune response; cytolytic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4-immunoglobulin (CTLA-4-Ig), ICOS-Ig and/or a neutralizing ICOS monoclonal antibody attenuated T cell expansion, TH2 cytokine production and eosinophilic inflammation. CD28-dependent signaling was essential during priming, whereas ICOS-B7RP-1 regulated TH effector responses, and the up-regulation of chemokine receptors that determine T cell migration. Our data suggests a scenario whereby both molecules regulate the outcome of the immune response but play separate key roles: CD28 primes T cells and ICOS regulates effector responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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