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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2001 May;21(5):297-304.

Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 expression by osteoblasts following infection with Staphylococcus aureus or Salmonella.

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Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 9201 University City Boulevard, Charlotte, NC 28223-0001, USA.


Two common pathogens of bone, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella, were investigated for their ability to induce chemokine expression in bone-forming osteoblasts. Cultured mouse or human osteoblasts could rapidly respond to bacterial infection by upregulating the mRNA encoding the chemokine, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). This rapid induction occurred on infection with either the gram-positive pathogen, S. aureus, or the gram-negative pathogen, Salmonella. Increased mRNA expression translated into MCP-1 secretion by cultured mouse or human osteoblasts in response to viable bacteria, whereas UV-killed bacteria were less effective in stimulating chemokine secretion. There was a dose-response relationship observed between the amount of input bacteria and increases in MCP-1 secretion. Immunohistochemical staining of infected osteoblasts indicated that the majority of cells could express MCP-1, with some osteoblasts having a higher intensity of staining than others. Organ cultures of mouse calvaria (skullcap) bone showed increases in MCP-1 immunostaining following bacterial infection. The immunoreactive MCP-1 in infected calvaria localized to areas containing active osteoblasts. Taken together, these studies demonstrate a conserved osteoblast-derived MCP-1 response to two very different pathogens of bone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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