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Neurol Res. 2001 Jun;23(4):359-66.

Modified immunoregulation associated with interferon-gamma treatment of rat glioma.

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Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA.


Little is known about modulation by cytokines of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen expression on intracranial tumors in vivo. The ability of cytokines to up-regulate MHC class-1 (MHC-1) antigen expression was investigated first in vitro using three rat glioma cell lines. Immunohistochemistry showed that incubation with recombinant rat interferon-gamma (rrIFN-gamma) increased MHC-1 antigen expression in RG2, C6, and 9L cell lines. Flow cytometric analysis revealed different baseline levels of MHC-1 antigen expression in each line (RG2 lowest, C6 highest), and that these levels increased in all lines after stimulation with 100 U ml(-1) or more of rrIFN-gamma. The antitumor effect of rrIFN-gamma in vivo was evaluated by assessing survival of rats with implanted intracerebral RG2 gliomas after intracarotid infusion of rrIFN-gamma. A high dose of rrIFN-gamma (2.4 x 10(5) U kg(-1)) significantly increased the survival, compared to control (p < 0.02). Intracarotid pre-treatment with the bradykinin analogue RMP-7 did not further increase survival. Immunohistochemical staining of tumor sections after in vivo rrIFN-gamma, infusion showed no clear increase in MHC-1 antigen expression on tumor cells but increased staining for ED2 antigen within tumor tissue, presumably from perivascular cells with MHC class-2 antigen.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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