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Int J Parasitol. 2000 Dec;30(14):1453-7.

Differential influence of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) on the behaviour of native and invader gammarid species.

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Laboratoire Ecologie-Evolution (UMR CNRS 5561 Biogéosciences), Université de Bourgogne, Gabriel, Dijon, France.


Although various species of acanthocephalan parasites can increase the vulnerability of their amphipod intermediate hosts to predation, particularly by altering their photophobic behaviour, their influence on the structure of amphipod communities and the success of invader species has so far received little attention. We compared the prevalence and behavioural influence of a fish acanthocephalan parasite, Pomphorhynchus laevis, in two species of amphipods, Gammarus pulex and Gammarus roeseli in sympatry in the river Ouche (Burgundy, eastern France). There, G. pulex is a resident species, whereas G. roeseli is a recent coloniser. Both uninfected G. pulex and G. roeseli were strongly photophobic. although less so in the invading species. However, there was no significant difference in reaction to light between infected and uninfected G. roeseli, whereas infected G. pulex were strongly photophilic. We discuss our results in relation to the parasite's ability to manipulate invading host species, the possibility that resistant individuals have been selected during the invasion process, and the role that acanthocephalan parasites can play in shaping the structure of amphipod communities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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